A layer that is put on the surface of a farm to boost soil fertility and soil moist conservation is called mulch. Mulch have the following benefits.
Obviously, many farmers opt for mulch to conserve the soil moisture and allow normal growth of plant despite the harsh weather condition. Once mulch has been applied in the garden, it regulate the soil temperature and reduces the rate of soil water evaporation. Mulch help farmers carry on their farming activities even during the time when the amount of rainfall is low. Temperature of the soil moist is reduced to the point of converting to water before it escapes into the atmosphere.
The second importance of mulch is that it protects the top fertile soil from being eroded by rainwater. Agents of erosion carry away loose top fertile soil leaving behind infertile hard soil. In case topsoil which is rich in mineral and fertility is carried away, the land becomes unproductive to a farmer. It is not possible for any farming in a barren farm because it lacks the necessary ingredients to sustain plants. Strong winds are also effective soil erosion agent. It is more difficult to dig a land that has been eroded and hard pan left behind.
The third benefit of using mulch in your farm is that the fertility of the soil is increased. The decomposition of mulch turns the mulch into manure which increases the soil fertility. This helps to reduce the amount of inorganic chemical fertilizer used on a farm which is quite expensive while mulch is very cheap. Mulch also decomposes and regulate the soil PH which is favorable for plant growth.
Weeds are unable to grow in a farm whose surface has been applied with mulch. Mulch suppress the growth of weed by cutting the supply of necessities for seed germination. Germination of a seed is facilitated by air, water, warmth, and minerals. The supply of air is reduced by a great percentage leading to failure of weed seed to germinate and instead decompose and become manure which boosts the soil fertility.
The fifth benefit of using mulch in your farm is that mulch is very cheap and affordable. There is no course for learning how to prepare mulch. Companies that sell mulch have favorable prices and they deliver the mulch to the farm of a customer.
Mulch can also be used for decoration apart from farming purposes. River stones that are used to mulch city trees are very monumental and appealing to the eyes. They contain different colors and some are shiny and to add on the beauty of a tree or flowers makes the environment look nice.
Organic mulch does not have negative impacts on the environment. Decomposed mulch turns into manure that helps the soil retain the soil water and allow easy penetration of plant roots.